10 miles wide.
Akun Island is mostly composed of Basalt and has several sea caves. Virtually the entire Akun Island site is rolling hills with tundra vegetation, natural grasses, wetland areas, and small streams. The soils are volcanic sand. Vegetation averages about six inches in height due to grazing activities.
Akun Island is home to an approximate 1,200 cows introduced by the Russians. They are no longer domesticated but he population is controlled. Three domesticated horses also inhabit the island, along with a single dog.
There is runway (Akutan Airport Construction Project 51196) currently being built by Kiewit, R&M Consultants, and DOT, off the south end of Surf Bay, on the west coast of Akun Island. The project's estimated cost is $50 million to $60 million. The purpose of this project is to construct a new airport on Akun Island to serve the Akutan Community. The airport will consist of a 4,500-foot paved runway, taxiway, apron and 3-bay SREB and Sand Storage Building. Improvements on Akun Island will also include a hovercraft facility site consisting of a ramp and pad. The hovercraft facility and the airport will be linked by a 3,000-foot long access road. This project will also construct a hovercraft facility at the Head of Akutan Bay. This facility will include a ramp, pad and a hovercraft maintenance building. The existing amphibious ramp will be expanded to accommodate the hovercraft as well.
The proposed airport site is currently used for cattle grazing. There are three shallow lakes in or near the proposed airport operating area (AOA). The lakes do not have names, however they are numbered for identification purposes. All of the lakes appear to be naturally filled by runoff. Lake 1 is abeam to the proposed runway, 2,500 feet to the northeast and is the largest of the three lakes. Lake 1 is just outside the AOA border. Lakes 2 and 3 are located 2,500 - 3,000 feet southwest of the departure end of Runway 29 and are smaller in size. All of the lakes eventually drain into Surf Bay. Lake 1 supports fish populations. All of the lakes are surrounded by grassy vegetation and are shallow with sandy or rocky bottoms. There are no trees in the AOA. The proposed runway runs in a NW to SE (oriented 11/29) direction. The NW end is approximately 800 feet from the banks of Surf Bay. Elevation of the proposed runway is approximately 200 feet above sea level.
Akun is an Aleut name recorded in 1768 by Captain lieutenant P. K. Krenitzin, IRN (Coxe, 1787, map facing p. 205). R. H. Geoghegan gives the meaning of the Aleut name [hakÃƒÆ’Ã‚Âºn] as "that, over there."
** This species list was compiled based on environmental documents prepared by HDR, Inc, species listed in the US Geological Survey Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, regional field guides, and field observations conducted by BASH, Inc as part of this Wildlife Hazard Assessment. For brevity, accidental species are not included.