Juneau

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Quick Facts
  • Location: 58 ° 18' 7" N, 134 ° 25' 11" W
  • Region: Juneau
  • Elevation: 56 ft / 17 m

Details

About
Capital of State of Alaska, on Gastineau Channel.

History
Former incorporated City of Douglas merged with Juneau in July 1970. The capitol of Alaska since 1900, originated in 1880 as a mining camp called "Harrisburg," nemed for Richard H. Harris, 1833-1907, who with Joseph Juneau discovered gold near here on Gold Greek and staked the beach as a town site. The mining camp also was called Rockwell by the U.S. Navy in 1881 for Commander Charles Henry Rockwell, 1840-1908, U.S. Navy (USN), who was sent with a detachment of men to the camp to maintain order. Because of the confusion of names, the miners met in 1881 and officially named the town for Joseph Juneau, 1826-99 (DeArmond, 1957, p. 23028). The population of Juneau was 1,644 in 1910; 3,058 in 1920; 4,023 in 1930; 5,729 in 1939; and 5,956 in 1950. The Juneau post office was established in 1882 (Ricks, 1965, p. 30).

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